For more than a century, the Kaibab Plateau north of the Grand Canyon has enthralled those who wander through its wide stretches of grasslands, sweeping forests and plunging canyons.
In 1882, explorer Clarence Dutton recounted his trips on the plateau, saying, “We, who through successive summers have wandered through its forests and parks, have come to regard it as the most enchanting region it has ever been our privilege to visit.”
The goal of preserving the ponderosa pine forests that so awed Dutton is driving a new forest restoration project planned for 28,000 acres of the Kaibab Plateau. The project, called the Burnt Corral Vegetation Management Plan, is one of a few efforts on the Kaibab National Forest to create forest restoration plans and projects with a new level of dedication to stakeholder input.
And while pursuing the same goals as the Four Forest Restoration Initiative, it does so in an entirely different manner, said Tom Sisk, director of Northern Arizona University’s Landscape Conservation Initiative, which helped facilitate much of the recent collaborative work.
“If 4FRI was the whole enchilada, North Kaibab is taking small bites trying to get it right the first time,” Sisk said. “Suddenly with an approach of taking a bunch of small bites you end up with a whole landscape approach.”
A precious forest
Before it became part of the Kaibab National Forest, most of the plateau north of the Colorado River was included in Grand Canyon preservation areas created by presidents Benjamin Harrison and Theodore Roosevelt around the turn of the 20th century.
Thanks to its relative isolation that saved it from extensive railroad logging, the ponderosa pine-covered plateau contains rare enclaves of old-growth forest. Historically, the north Kaibab is a more productive area than other forests in northern Arizona, said Alicyn Gitlin, with the Sierra Club’s Grand Canyon Chapter. The area hosts populations of northern goshawk and the unique Kaibab squirrel and provides Mexican spotted owl habitat.
“The North Kaibab has been recognized for a long time as being a really special landscape and a really amazing habitat,” Gitlin said. “It has a long history of people trying to protect it.”
Finding restoration balance
It was in June 2009 that a broad group, including Forest Service representatives, game managers, researchers and environmentalists, came together to create the precursor to the Burnt Corral project, called the Kaibab Forest Health Focus. The effort was meant to create a plan that would guide future projects to restore forest health, reduce fire hazard and improve wildlife habitat. In it, the group designated 280,000 acres of high priority areas across the Kaibab National Forest, including the Burnt Corral area.
The Burnt Corral project is the first to come out of the Forest Health Focus and has many of the same elements as other forest restoration projects. It proposes to mechanically thin up to about 15,000 acres and use wildland fire alone or in conjunction with mechanical treatment on up to about 28,000 acres with accommodations for things like steep slopes and northern goshawk nest areas. The large-tree retention strategy in the Burnt Corral proposal was based on the one laid out in the 4FRI project, said Sasha Stortz, a senior research specialist at the Landscape Conservation Initiative who was also involved in the project.
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What makes the Burnt Corral project notable is the level of collaboration used to produce the proposed action that is now going out for public comment, said those involved in the process. It represents a new direction for the Forest Service, said Randall Walker, District Ranger on the North Kaibab Ranger District.
Usually the Forest Service develops a proposed action and then tries to reach out to the public for feedback, instead of getting stakeholder input in the first step of the process, Walker said.
Burnt Corral represents a trend by the Forest Service across the West to engage the public, address issues, find common ground and pursue compromise earlier in the process versus moving forward, then running into litigation later on, which has defined forest management for past 20 years, Sisk said.
He called the past several years of work on the Kaibab “an interesting and sort of novel story.”
But the mutual agreement and collaboration that the Forest Service is hoping for on the Kaibab has its limits, said two environmental groups who participated in stakeholder meetings last fall.
“I think (the Forest Service) is underestimating the ability for the community to all get on the same page,” said Katie Davis, public lands campaigner for the Center for Biological Diversity. There were fundamental disagreements in terms of approach to the project that couldn’t be solved in stakeholder meetings, she said.
“I think it's going to be a challenge for them moving forward,” she said.
The Center and the Sierra Club both voiced concerns about preservation of large and old trees and the use of logging or thinning rather than fire as the primary means of restoration.
Despite some concerns, Stortz pointed to the 4FRI process as reason to hope that a compromise could be achieved.
“The Kaibab opening their doors early in this process presented a new opportunity and potential good faith gesture that is important groundwork,” she said.