spotlight Today in history: Jan. 9 Jan 9, 2020 Jan 9, 2020 0 Major events that happened around the world on this day in history. 1913: Richard Nixon In 1913, Richard Milhous Nixon, the 37th president of the United States, was born in Yorba Linda, California. AP 1916: Battle of Gallipoli In 1916, the World War I Battle of Gallipoli ended after eight months with an Ottoman Empire victory as Allied forces withdrew. AP 1945: Battle of Luzon On Jan. 9, 1945, during World War II, American forces began landing on the shores of Lingayen Gulf in the Philippines as the Battle of Luzon got underway, resulting in an Allied victory over Imperial Japanese forces. ASSOCIATED PRESS 1951: United Nations Headquarters In 1951, the United Nations headquarters in New York officially opened. John Lindsay 1958: State of the Union In 1958, President Dwight D. Eisenhower, in his State of the Union address to Congress, warned of the threat of Communist imperialism. Anonymous 1959: "Rawhide" In 1959, the Western series "Rawhide" premiered on CBS-TV. Anonymous 1987: Ronald Reagan In 1987, the White House released a January 1986 memorandum prepared for President Ronald Reagan by Lt. Col. Oliver L. North showing a link between U.S. arms sales to Iran and the release of American hostages in Lebanon. Dennis Cook 1997: Comair plane crash In 1997, a Comair commuter plane crashed 18 miles short of the Detroit Metropolitan Airport, killing all 29 people on board. DENNIS COOK 2001: Linda Chavez In 2001, Linda Chavez withdrew her bid to be President-elect George W. Bush's Secretary of Labor because of controversy over an immigrant in the U.S. illegally who'd once lived with her. DOUG MILLS 2006: "The Phantom of the Opera" In 2006, "The Phantom of the Opera" leapt past "Cats" to become the longest-running show in Broadway history (a record that still stands). TINA FINEBERG 2006: Samuel Alito In 2006, confirmation hearings opened in Washington for Supreme Court nominee Samuel Alito. PABLO MARTINEZ MONSIVAIS 2009: Rod Blagojevich In 2009, the Illinois House voted 114-1 to impeach Gov. Rod Blagojevich (blah-GOY'-uh-vich), who defiantly insisted again that he had committed no crime. (The Illinois Senate unanimously voted to remove Blagojevich from office 20 days later.) Paul Beaty 2010: Jordan CIA Afghan Attack Ten years ago: In a video broadcast posthumously, the Jordanian doctor who'd killed seven CIA employees in a suicide attack in Afghanistan on Dec. 30, 2009, called on all jihadists to attack U.S. targets to avenge the death of Pakistani Taliban chief Baitullah Mehsud (BEH'-tuh-luh mah-SOOD'). MOHAMMAD ABU GHOSH 2010: Peyton Manning Ten years ago: Peyton Manning became the first player to win The Associated Press' NFL Most Valuable Player award four times. Michael Conroy 2015: Charlie Hebdo Five years ago: French security forces shot and killed two al-Qaida-linked brothers suspected of carrying the rampage at the satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo that had claimed 12 lives, the same day a gunman killed four people at a Paris kosher grocery store before being killed by police. Francois Mori 2015: Samuel Goldwyn Jr Five years ago: Samuel Goldwyn Jr., 88, a champion of the independent film movement and son of one of the founders of Hollywood, died in Los Angeles. Ellis R. Bosworth 2019: Government Shutdown One year ago: President Donald Trump walked out of his negotiating meeting with congressional leaders as efforts to end the 19-day partial government shutdown fell into deeper disarray over his demand for billions of dollars to build a border wall. David Goldman 2019: Jeff Bezos One year ago: Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos and his wife, MacKenzie, announced that they were divorcing, ending a 25-year marriage. 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