It wasn’t the best advertising line, but it was undeniably true: Soup is good food.
On a frosty night when the wind is blowing, and the chill sinks deep into your bones, what is it that you turn to? Soup. When you want something warming and comforting after a difficult day, what is it that you most desire? Soup. When you have a cold, what is the only thing that can make you feel better? Soup, especially if it has chicken and noodles in it.
It restoreth the soul. And of course it is always best when your cup runneth over.
At its most elemental level, soup is just water with a bunch of other stuff cooked in it. And that is what makes it so exciting. You can have a free hand to do with it what you will.
Take, for instance, my mother’s cabbage soup, which is still one of my favorite soups ever. When she and my father were first married, she asked if he had any favorite dishes he wanted her to prepare. He said he loved a cabbage soup from a famous local delicatessen.
My mother called the wife of the deli owner and asked for the recipe. The woman was happy to oblige — but she only knew how to make it for a restaurant, and even then her measurements were inexact.
So my mother mixed a bit of this and a handful of that, then threw in a dash of something else, and ended up with a cabbage soup. She served it to my father, who said it wasn’t at all like the original soup from the delicatessen. It was better. She has been making it ever since.
Many years ago, I asked my mother for the recipe. She wasn’t very specific. She said to use a bit of this and a handful of that and maybe a dash of something else.
I took down as much of this non-recipe as I could and tried making it for myself. It tasted remarkably like my mother’s.
What I love so much about the soup are its contradictions. It is a thin broth, but it is filled with hearty pieces of beef and cabbage. It is made with a lot of tomatoes, but it isn’t remotely a tomato soup. It is both sweet and sour. And it has seasonings that you would not expect to find in soup, such as allspice and cloves.
MOM’S CABBAGE SOUP
Yield: 8 servings
1 1/2 pounds short ribs
2 tablespoons oil
1 large onion, sliced thin
7 cups water
1/2 small head cabbage, sliced thin
12 whole allspice berries
2 (14 1/2-ounce) cans stewed tomatoes
1/4 cup plus 1 tablespoon brown sugar
1/4 cup red wine vinegar
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1/4 teaspoon black pepper
1/2 teaspoon ground allspice
1. Trim the fat from the ribs. In a large pot or Dutch oven, heat oil over medium-high heat. Add ribs and onions, season with salt and pepper, and cook until the beef is browned on all sides and the onions are translucent, about 8 minutes. Pour out the fat.
2. Add water, cabbage and allspice berries. Bring to a boil, then lower the temperature and simmer 30 minutes, skimming foam off the top when necessary.
3. Break up tomatoes with your hands or in a blender. Add tomatoes, brown sugar, vinegar, pepper and ground allspice. Bring to a boil, lower temperature and simmer until meat is completely cooked and has pulled away at least 1/2 inch from the edge of the bone, about 30 minutes. Taste and correct for salt and pepper. If the broth is too weak, continue simmering until the flavors are more concentrated.
Per serving: 188 calories; 7 g fat; 2 g saturated fat; 20 mg cholesterol; 8 g protein; 22 g carbohydrate; 16 g sugar; 3 g fiber; 312 mg sodium; 73 mg calcium.
FLEMISH ONION SOUP WITH CHEESE
Yield: 6 servings
4 tablespoons (1/2 stick) unsalted butter
2 pounds yellow onions, thinly sliced
2 large baking potatoes, peeled and cubed
4 cups water
1 bay leaf
1 cup milk
Salt and white pepper, to taste
Ground nutmeg, preferably fresh, to taste
3 tablespoons minced chives, optional
3/4 cup grated Gruyere cheese
1. Melt the butter in a heavy soup pot over low heat. Add the onions and increase the heat to medium. Cook stirring occasionally, until translucent, 10 minutes. Let the onions brown slightly for a more pronounced flavor.
2. Add the potatoes, water and bay leaf. Bring to a boil and reduce the heat. Simmer, covered, until the potatoes are soft, 20 to 25 minutes.
3. Discard the bay leaf and let the soup cool slightly. Press the soup through a food mill or purée in batches in a blender or food processor until smooth.
4. Return the purée to the pot and gradually stir in the milk. Season with salt, pepper and nutmeg.
5. Reheat the soup gently before serving. Do not let it boil. Serve hot, in warmed soup plates. If desired, sprinkle with chives and float croutons in each soup plate. Place the grated cheese in a bowl and pass at the table.
Per serving: 223 calories; 14 g fat; 8 g saturated fat; 39 mg cholesterol; 8 g protein; 19 g carbohydrate; 3 g sugar; 2 g fiber; 154 mg sodium; 208 mg calcium.
CURRIED CREAM OF CAULIFLOWER AND APPLE SOUP
Yield: 4 to 6 servings
For the curried cream of cauliflower
4 cups chicken stock
1 1/2 tablespoons sweet (unsalted) butter
1 cup onions, chopped
2 teaspoons Madras curry powder
1/2 teaspoon saffron threads or 2 pinches saffron powder
1 cup Golden Delicious apple (or other apple), peeled, split, cored and sliced
4 cups cauliflower (about 1 small to medium head), broken into florets
1 cup heavy cream
Salt and pepper
1 tablespoon chives, minced
For the curried apple dice
1 cup Golden Delicious apple (or other apple), peeled, split, cored, in 1/4-inch dice
1 teaspoon Madras curry powder
1/4 teaspoon saffron threads or 1 pinch saffron powder
Salt and pepper
1. For the curried cream of cauliflower: Warm the chicken stock over medium heat. Melt the butter in a heavy pot over medium-low heat. Add the onions, curry powder and saffron and sweat for 2 minutes, stirring often. Add the sliced apple and sweat for 5 more minutes, stirring often. Add the cauliflower and warm chicken stock and bring to a boil.
2. Boil until the cauliflower is tender when pierced with a knife, about 20 minutes. Add the cream and cook for 3 more minutes. Salt and pepper to taste. Transfer the soup in batches to a blender or food processor and purée at high speed until very smooth. Keep warm until ready to serve, or refrigerate when cool and reheat just before serving.
3. For the curried apple dice: Place the apple dice with 1 tablespoon of water in a pan over medium heat. Add the curry powder and saffron, and season to taste with salt and pepper. Mix well, cover with a lid, and cook for 3 minutes. Strain and keep warm on the side.
Per serving (based on 6): 273 calories; 20 g fat; 12 g saturated fat; 58 mg cholesterol; 7 g protein; 19 g carbohydrate; 10 g sugar; 3 g fiber; 263 mg sodium; 62 mg calcium.
Yield: 6 to 8 servings
3 tablespoons olive oil
1 large onion, chopped
3 cloves garlic, crushed
1 to 1 1/2 teaspoons cumin
1 to 1 1/2 teaspoons ground coriander
Pinch of cayenne pepper
1 3/4 cups split red lentils
Bunch of celery leaves, chopped, or 1 rib celery, sliced
1 carrot, finely chopped
2 quarts chicken stock
Salt and pepper
Juice of 1 lemon
1 1/2 to 2 large onions, sliced
2 to 3 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
1 to 1 1/2 pita breads to make croutons, optional
1 lemon, sliced into wedges, for serving, optional
1. Heat oil in a large saucepan over medium heat. Add onion and cook until softened. Add the garlic, cumin, coriander and cayenne pepper, and stir.
2. Add the lentils, celery leaves and carrot, pour in the stock, and simmer 30 to 45 minutes until the lentils have largely disintegrated. Add salt and pepper, and water if the soup needs thickening; it should be thin, like light cream. Stir in the lemon juice.
3. For the garnish, fry the onions in the oil, first covered over low heat, stirring occasionally, then uncovered over medium and high heat, stirring often, until very brown and almost crisp.
4. Split and open the pita breads and toast in the oven or in a toaster oven, until they are crisp and lightly browned. Break them into small pieces to make croutons.
5. Serve the soup very hot. Garnish each serving with a tablespoon of fried onions and pass the lemon wedges and croutons, if you like, for people to help themselves.
Per serving (based on 8): 343 calories; 13 g fat; 2 g saturated fat; 7 mg cholesterol; 17 g protein; 41 g carbohydrate; 6 g sugar; 6 g fiber; 358 mg sodium; 48 mg calcium.