By the end of December, 642 acres of ponderosa pine forest near Schultz Creek and the base of Mount Elden were supposed to have been mechanically thinned as part of the Flagstaff Watershed Protection Project, or FWPP.
Area trails were closed and neighbors were notified as the logging contractor ramped up operations at the end of the summer.
But after cutting trees on just 20 acres, the contractor stopped work and never picked back up. The contract ended Dec. 31 with just 3 percent of the acreage completed.
It's an outcome that isn't unfamiliar in northern Arizona — over the past five years, two companies on the 2.4 million acre Four Forest Restoration Initiative have repeatedly failed to meet expectations on that project's largest tree thinning contract.
For its part, the smaller scale FWPP calls for a mix of logging, hand thinning, prescribed fire, helicopter logging and cable logging on about 15,000 acres of forest around Flagstaff’s two watersheds, Lake Mary and the Rio de Flag. The goal is to reduce the risk of severe wildfire and destructive post-fire flooding in those areas. The project is being completed in phases, with multiple contracts awarded for different types of logging on various parts of the forest.
Terry Hatmaker, who had the 642-acre Mount Elden-area contract, said he had planned to build a sawmill and bought the timber sale in order to supply material to the mill. He and his partner didn’t get the money to build that mill, though, and also found the process was going to be lengthier and costlier than they had anticipated, Hatmaker said.
“My partner and I were both from back East and we didn't realize just how long it would take and the expense of it,” he said. “We were naive."
Finding a location for a mill and the permitting requirements were among the major challenges, he said.
“The county, the state and the city seem to want the timber thinned but they don't want the mess," he said.
When Hatmaker did eventually find an already operating sawmill to take the logs from his FWPP contract, it wouldn’t take enough of them, he said.
The Forest Service terminated Hatmaker’s contract as incomplete on Dec. 31 but is required to reoffer the same contract with the same conditions, including a one-year completion timeline. The agency is evaluating the condition of the site and expects to advertise the contract within the next two months, said Jessica Richardson, the Forest Service’s FWPP coordinator. Hatmaker won’t be able to bid on that contract because he defaulted on the last one.
If there aren’t any acceptable bidders, the Forest Service would look at restructuring the contract to one where the logger would be compensated for removing low-value trees, said Mike Elson, Flagstaff district ranger.
The other option being discussed is for the city of Flagstaff to enter into an agreement with the Forest Service where it would hire a contractor and pay for the logging work to be done with a target completion date of the end of this year, said Paul Summerfelt, wildland fire management officer with the city of Flagstaff.
The city would use some of the $10 million in bond money that Flagstaff voters approved in 2012, Summerfelt said.
“The investment that the citizens made with the bond is an exceptionally wise investment and we are committed to getting the work done,” he said. “Our concern is the lack of progress and slowness that has occurred and I think we are certainly now at a point where we can't wait and hope. We've got to take action.”
The city took a similar approach and paid for the thinning work that took place on city and state land on Observatory Mesa starting in 2015. The idea was to see if money could be saved by first offering up the Mount Elden parcel as a timber sale where the contractor pays the Forest Service for the value of the timber, he said.
The Forest Service follows a standard process for evaluating bidders on a timber sale like the 642-acre Mount Elden-area sale. In the case of Hatmaker, who didn’t have previous experience as a Forest Service contractor, the agency required he prove he had or would be able to obtain appropriate logging equipment and performed a financial ability determination based on his personal and business financial information.
But that evaluation process is continuing to fall short, Coconino County Supervisor Art Babbott wrote in an email. The contract default is “an example of the Forest Service awarding contracts to entities that have not been sufficiently vetted to accurately assess their financial viability,” Babbott wrote.
The failure to evaluate basic business planning and capital capacity of potential contractors has had significant negative impacts on forest restoration efforts in the region, Babbott wrote.
The most notable example is the Four Forest Restoration Initiative, where two companies have fallen far short of expectations on the initiative’s biggest 300,0000-acre thinning contract. The first company never had or obtained the financing to complete such a massive task, and the second company, which took over the contract in 2013, has repeatedly stumbled and failed to ramp up logging and wood processing to anywhere close to the hoped-for pace and scale.
Both Babbott and Summerfelt said there is a need for the Forest Service to reevaluate its process for procuring, awarding and operating logging contracts in this region. The agency still views northern Arizona’s ponderosa pines as a high-value product when the small diameter logs that need to be removed actually have no value or negative value, Babbott wrote.
The fact that Hatmaker was the sole bidder on the 642-acre Mount Elden contract and offered the minimum amount, indicates the stand's low value, said Matt Millar, FWPP operations specialist with the city of Flagstaff.
James Perkins, another local logger, said the sale has less usable timber per acre than other projects he is working on near Munds Park. Plus it’s just not good wood, Perkins said. He would recommend the Forest Service redo the contract and make it a stewardship contract where the logger gets compensated for cutting and removing both the larger, more valuable and smaller, less valuable trees from the forest.
“The way to make things happen is to pay for it," Perkins said.
Flagstaff High School’s Culinary Arts Team is starting to sharpen their knives and heat up the kitchen in preparation for the annual culinary arts competition season. That season starts in February and runs through April.
The students had their first practice run against students from Payson, Chinle and Ganado high schools with a mock competition on Jan. 10. The students had to create a standing, molded cucumber salad with a vinaigrette and a French rolled omelet, the standard fair for a Careers through Culinary Arts Program competition.
Students are judged on their knife skills, technique, taste, appearance, safety and sanitation, organization, speed and professionalism. Students also have to answer questions from the judges on their dishes.
Santana Hernandez has been interested in cooking from an early age.
“Ever since I was little I watched my mom cook and every meal she would ask what I wanted to cook and I always said cookies,” he said. “I honestly love this program and baking banana nut bread and chocolate chip cookies.”
He worked on his cooking skills through middle school and started taking Pastor’s culinary classes in high schools. He’s taken all of the culinary classes at FHS and was asked by Pastor why he wasn’t on the culinary team.
“On the first day of school I noticed my schedule had changed,” Hernandez said. Pastor had added him to the team.
“I found that this was all stuff I could do and Mrs. Pastor gave me the confidence I needed,” he said.
Hernandez is hoping to get a scholarship to go to Coconino Community College and Northern Arizona University. He wants to work at a bakery or a restaurant.
Cameron Torres is another part of the team who discovered his passion for cooking early.
“I look up to my dad,” he said. “He had gone into (the) culinary (field) when he was 15. So, when I was little, I would watch my dad leave for work and go do his thing. At home, my mom would teach me things.”
When Torres became a sophomore at FHS, he started taking culinary arts classes. He hopes to earn his bachelor’s degree and open his own restaurant in the future.
“The competition gives me confidence to do things on my own,” he said. “I’m doing this for me and for fun.”
Students competing in the Careers through Culinary Arts Program are expected to create a three-course meal in a 10-inch-by-10-inch area in less than three hours, said Patti Pastor, one of the Culinary Arts teachers at Flagstaff High. Students competing in the National Restaurant Association’s ProStart competition show their food making and business skills by creating dishes and showing how they would run a restaurant’s books.
These competitions can net students full-ride scholarships to some of the most prestigious culinary schools in the U.S., Pastor said. One Flag High student earned a $104,000 scholarship a couple of years ago to go to Johnson and Wales University’s College of Culinary Arts.
WASHINGTON — Addressing a deeply divided nation, President Donald Trump summoned the country to a "new American moment" of unity in his first State of the Union address, challenging Congress to make good on long-standing promises to fix a fractured immigration system and warning darkly of evil forces seeking to undermine America's way of life.
Trump's address Tuesday night blended self-congratulation and calls for optimism amid a growing economy with ominous warnings about deadly gangs, the scourge of drugs and violent immigrants living in the United States illegally. He cast the debate over immigration — an issue that has long animated his most ardent supporters — as a battle between heroes and villains, leaning heavily on the personal stories of White House guests in the crowd. He praised a law enforcement agent who arrested more than 100 gang members, and he recognized the families of two alleged gang victims.
He also spoke forebodingly of catastrophic dangers from abroad, warning that North Korea would "very soon" threaten the United States with nuclear-tipped missiles.
"The United States is a compassionate nation. We are proud that we do more than any other country to help the needy, the struggling and the underprivileged all over the world," Trump said. "But as president of the United States, my highest loyalty, my greatest compassion, and my constant concern is for America's children, America's struggling workers and America's forgotten communities."
Trump addressed the nation with tensions running high on Capitol Hill. An impasse over immigration prompted a three-day government shutdown earlier this year, and lawmakers appear no closer to resolving the status of the "Dreamers" — young people living in the U.S. illegally ahead of a new Feb. 8 deadline for funding operations. The parties have also clashed this week over the plans of Republicans on the House intelligence committee to release a classified memo on the Russia investigation involving Trump's presidential campaign — a decision the White House backs but the Justice Department is fighting.
The controversies that have dogged Trump — and the ones he has created— have overshadowed strong economic gains during his first year in office. His approval ratings have hovered in the 30s for much of his presidency, and just 3 in 10 Americans said the United States was heading in the right direction, according to a poll by The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research. In the same survey, 67 percent of Americans said the country was more divided because of Trump.
At times, Trump's address appeared to be aimed more at validating his first year in office than setting the course for his second. He devoted significant time to touting the tax overhaul he signed at the end of last year, promising the plan will "provide tremendous relief for the middle class and small businesses." He also highlighted the decision made early in his first year to withdraw the U.S. from a sweeping Asia-Pacific trade pact, declaring: "The era of economic surrender is totally over."
He spoke about potential agenda items for 2018 in broad terms, including a call for $1.5 trillion in new infrastructure spending and partnerships with states and the private sector. He touched only briefly on issues like health care that have been at the center of the Republican Party's policy agenda for years.
Tackling the sensitive immigration debate that has roiled Washington, Trump redoubled his recent pledge to offer a path to citizenship for 1.8 million young immigrants — but only as part of a package that would also require increased funding for border security, including a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border, ending the nation's visa lottery method and revamping the current legal immigration system.
"Americans are dreamers too," Trump said, in an apparent effort to reclaim the term used to describe the young immigrants in the U.S. illegally.
A former New York Democrat, the president also played to the culture wars that have long illuminated American politics, alluding to his public spat with professional athletes who led protests against racial injustice by kneeling during the national anthem, declaring that paying tribute to the flag is a "civic duty."
In a post-speech rebuttal, Massachusetts Rep. Joe Kennedy, the grandson of Robert F. Kennedy, was seeking to undercut Trump's optimistic tone and remind voters of the personal insults and attacks often leveled by the president.
"Bullies may land a punch," Kennedy said. "They might leave a mark. But they have never, not once, in the history of our United States, managed to match the strength and spirit of a people united in defense of their future."
The arc of Trump's 80-minute speech featured the personal stories of men and women who joined first lady Melania Trump in the audience. The guests included a New Mexico policeman and his wife who adopted a baby from parents who suffered from opioid addiction, and Ji Seong-ho, a defector from North Korea and outspoken critic of the Kim Jong-un government.
On international affairs, Trump warned of the dangers from "rogue regimes," like Iran and North Korea, terrorist groups, like the Islamic State, and "rivals" like China and Russia "that challenge our interests, our economy and our values." Calling on Congress to lift budgetary caps and boost spending on the military, Trump said that "unmatched power is the surest means of our defense."
Housing prices in the Flagstaff area continued to climb in 2017, sticking with a five-year trend of increasing median home sales prices in a market an expert said has recovered from the recession.
In 2017, the median sale price for a single-family detached home climbed to $375,000, up from $352,000 in 2016. After median home prices decreased from 2011 to 2012, they continued on an upward trend beginning in 2013, according to data from Century 21 Realtor Stephen Brighton.
On top of increasing prices, selection continued to be slim for buyers who were looking for a home at or below the median sale price. According to the Northern Arizona Multiple Listing Service, there are 15 homes in the city priced at or below $375,000. Of those homes, 11 are in Presidio in the Pines, in various stages of construction, Brighton said. Of the four other homes, two are in Sunnyside, one in Lower Greenlaw and one in Bow and Arrow.
“And that’s it,” Brighton said.
Brighton said Flagstaff is “basically at the top” of the housing market again, noting the median price in 2017 was only $4,000 lower than in 2006, at the height of the housing bubble.
In 2017, 1,158 homes were sold in the area, a 2 percent increase from 2016.
December set records for both the most homes sold in that month, 92, and the median sales price for the month, $373,000, Brighton said.
Tammara Prager, the president of the Northern Arizona Association of Realtors, sad the high demand and low supply creates “a seller’s market below $450,000.”
However, for those who can afford to buy, housing values continue to climb, making it a good time to invest in a home, Brighton said.
“People want to know the market is going up,” he said.
Both Brighton and Prager agreed the median home price in 2017 was still out of reach for people and families who earn the median income in the city.
For those still looking to buy but who cannot afford a single-family detached home in the city, it might be best to look at other options, Prager said.
“You could maybe get a townhome or a condo, or you look in the outlying areas, like Bellemont or Doney Park,” she said.
Prager said 2017 did not bring any surprises in housing or sales, continuing to stick with existing trends.
“We’re still experiencing really low inventory below $450,000,” she said. “We’re seeing inventory come above $450,000, but that’s not where we need inventory.”